Many people develop corns, and most often, the cause is an avoidable one. Corns are a foot condition that can occur due to prolonged, excessive pressure on the skin. There are a number of reasons that cause corns to occur, such as overly tight shoes. Apart from tight footwear, your corns may be caused if you have bony feet. However, whatever the reason, you can be sure that most often it is supplemented by a lack of cushioning for the feet.
A corn develops when the skin is compressed in a concentrated area over a period of time. With a corn, the skin and tissue can eventually harden all the way down to the bone. This phenomenon differentiates the corn from a callus, which only affects the top few layers of skin. Because a corn reaches all the way down to the bone, it can be particularly painful for you every time you exert any pressure on the foot – the pain registers when the pressure is transferred to the sensitive nerve-laden areas deep in the skin tissue.
So how can they be avoided?
The first step to avoiding corns, as with all conditions concerning the feet, is to maintain a regular foot-care regime. You will find that taking good care of your feet you can help prevent such problems as corns, calluses, bunions, fungal infections and hard skin. Here are some steps that you can take to specifically avoid corns:
- Ensure that your footwear fits you comfortably.
Tight footwear is the most common cause of corns. Footwear that is either too tight for your feet, or footwear that is the right size but inadequately cushioned, can lead to the formation of corns. Even if a shoe is comfortable in every other way, if it puts too much pressure on a specific area of your foot, then a corn can form in that area over time.
- Make sure your feet are completely dry before putting on shoes.
Having wet, or even slightly damp skin greatly increases friction with your shoes. This means that any slight rubbing that may happen within your shoes will be greatly amplified than normal, keeping the pressure in one place. By making sure that your skin is completely dry, you can limit the amount of friction, and thus the amount of pressure.
- Don’t put up with foot pain.
If you are suffering from pain in any part of your foot that doesn’t get better over time, or continues to get worse over time, then make sure that you do something about it. Even if it doesn’t seem like much at the moment, it could develop into something more serious, such as a corn. Why not check the symptoms listed below if you are unsure of whether you have a corn or not?
Why do they Keep Coming Back?
Many people believe that corn treatments are only partially successful because their corns usually return – sometimes within a few months. This is usually a misconception arising from the fact that the sufferer may have continued to wear the types of footwear that can cause the problem over and over again. It could also be that they have other foot problems – bunions, for example – which leave toes more vulnerable to the rubbing and pressure that cause corns.
How to recognise and treat a corn
If you suspect that you are suffering from a corn, it can initially be difficult to know how to recognise the condition. They are often mistaken for calluses, but these are usually much bigger in size than corns. A corn is a small circle of hard, flat yellow skin, and can be very painful to the touch. They usually occur on the sole of the foot, or on the tops and sides of the toes.
To treat a corn, Scholl has three excellent products: The Foot Care Complete Corn Treatment, Foot Care Corn Shield Plasters and Foot Care Waterproof Corn Removal Plaster. Together, they isolate the corn and help to remove it over time. The corn removal plasters can be worn around the corn to gently ease it out of the skin and remove it permanently. Be sure to use them as directed till the corn disappears, and do cushion the corn while it is being treated to minimise the pain.